No, they didn’t call us “Negro” because it means “black” in Spanish. Please stop repeating that falsehood. Yes, it seems logical, but the reality is counter-intuitive.
First, the southern crackers who held us in bondage spoke English not Spanish. And there would’ve been no good reason for generally uneducated crackers to randomly choose to call us ‘the Spanish word for black’ when they already knew an English word for black (BLACK).
Second, the Spanish word for Black people is “moreno” not “negro,” which is the Spanish word for black objects, not people.
Negro was a bastardization of the Greek prefix for ‘dead’ - necro.
As in dead mentally. As in dead spiritually. The inside joke among the slave masters was that they had taken the once-rulers and mothers and fathers of civilization and turned them (us) into “the walking dead.”
Why Greek, then? The southern planter-ocracy considered themselves as the ideological descendants of the Greeks. Nevermind how ahistorical that was. Hence, the burial practices they adopted, the masonic rituals they were obsessed with, the poorly imitated style of Greek architecture in which they designed their plantation houses, etc. (a lesson for another time).
THIS is the factual reality that supported the Honorable Elijah Muhammad’s teachings, being delivered faithfully in the photo by one of his best students, Brother Malcolm, about why the Black man in America should reject being called a “negro” once they acquire knowledge of self.
Happy Black History YEAR!